The Eid is a festival of Muslims that is celebrated all over the world. This Eid is also known as the festival of sacrifice and is the second of two Islamic holidays celebrated worldwide each year. Eid ul-Azha is celebrated on the 10th day of Zul Hija, the Islamic month according to the lunar Islamic calendar. Eid ul-Azha comes almost seventy days after the end of Eid ul-Fitr.
Festival of Eid ul-Azha is celebrated in the remembrance of Prophet Ibrahim’s readiness to forfeit Ismael, his son for Allah. The story about this festival tells, how Abraham was ready to sacrifice his son and remained true to God. The history tells, how Allah told Ibrahim, to lift up the foundation of the Kaaba that was a Holy place in Mecca.
Allah also asked Ibrahim to sacrifice his son, in a dream. Ibrahim along with his son started moving towards Mina for the sacrifice.
Some of the daemons tried to direct Ibrahim away from his way but Ibrahim was true to god and as he was just set to sacrifice his son, God stopped him and gave him a sheep to sacrifice instead of sacrificing his son. This festival is thereby said to be a festival of sacrifice. Some people celebrate Eid ul-Azha because it ends the pilgrimage or Hajj for those Muslims who make a trip to Mecca each year.
Celebration of EID UL-AZHA
The first day of Eid ul-Azha is a holiday and all the members of the family dress up in new and beautiful clothes to carry out the Eid ul- Azha prayers (Salah) in large groups.
As the festival of Eid ul-Azha begins, people all over the world celebrating glory, merriment and festivity with spicy, scrumptious and delicious food.
- Qurbani (forfeit) & Distribution
On this day all the Muslims forfeit their domestic animals like sheep and goat representing Ibrahim’s forfeit. This forfeit made by Muslims is known as “Qurban”.
Once the animal is sacrificed then the meat of the animal is distributed among the friends, relatives, neighbors and poor people. Muslims communities on this day take care that no poor and needy Muslim is missed out to provide the sacrificial food.
Meat from Qurbani animals should be distributed equally in three parts. It should be given to the family, friends and the poor (both Muslim and non-Muslim alike). If you perform Qurbani with a partner/partners, the meat should be shared by weight, not by approximation. You cannot pay the butcher with the meat, fat, and by-products of the slaughtered animal. The skin can be kept for personal use, but if it is sold, the amount must be given to the poor.
Prayer of Eid Ul-Azha
According to Ahadees: It was narrated that Abu Sa’eed said:
The Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to come out on the day of al-Fitr and al-Adha to the prayer place, and the first thing he would do was to offer the prayer. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 956
In another ahadees
In the first rak’ ah he should say Takbeerat al-ihraam (say “Allaahu Akbar” to start the prayer), after which he should say six or seven more takbirs, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), “The takbeer of al-Fitr and al-Adha is seven takbirs in the first rak’ ah and five takbirs in the second, apart from the takbeer of rukoo’.” Narrated by Abu Dawood and classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 639.
- Eid Prayer in Detail
Eid prayer consists of two units (Rakat in Arabic, the singular is Raka). The main difference in the way this prayer and any other prayer of two Rakat is performed is the number of Takbirs that are done.
The First Raka
Step 1: Make an intention of doing two Rakat behind the Imam for Eid prayer along with six additional Takbirs
Step 2: After the Imam has said “Allahu Akbar” the first time, you should raise your hands and follow. This is the first Takbir of the prayer.
Step 3: There will be 3 Takbirs before the Imam starts reciting the Quran. Each time the Imam says “Allahu Akbar”, you should follow by raising your hands, then putting them on your sides.
After the third Takbir, the Imam will begin reciting the Quran. At that point, you should put your hands on your chest, with your right hand on top of the left.
Step 4: Listen to the recitation of the Holy Quran. The Imam will recite Surah Al Fatiha (the first Surah of the Quran) and then another Surah.
Step 5: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Ruku (the bowing position).
Step 6: Stand up straight when he says Sami Allahu liman Hamidah (Allah hears those who praise Him), and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (our Lord praise be to You) in a low voice.
Step 7: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” goes into Sujud (prostration). You will do two prostrations as in normal prayer.
The Second Raka
Step 8: The Imam will first recite from the Holy Quran (first Surah Al Fatiha and another Surah.
Step 9: After the recitation, before going into Ruku, there will be 3 Takbirs. Follow the Imam. Raise your hands after each “Allahu Akbar”. After the third Takbir, go into Ruku (the bowing position).
Step 10: Stand up straight when the Imam says Sami Allah hu liman Hamidah, and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” in a low voice.
Step 11: When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Sujud. You will do two prostrations.
Step 12: After this, you sit for the complete Tashshahud. Then Imam ends the prayer by turning to his face to the right first and saying “Assalamu alaikum Wa Rahmatullah” and then to his left and doing the same, you should follow.
Step 13: Do not get up right away. The Imam will give a short Khutbah (speech). Please stay still and listen.
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